UNIDO experts suggested Hoi An to deploy 4R solution (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Reject), meaning reducing waste discharge and gas emission, using recycled materials, classifying waste, using centralized waste treatment plant and charging heavy polluters.
The city is advised to call on all business sectors to join in the initiative in a bid to raise public awareness, arrange solid waste collection plans and promote gardening in town.
Moreover, local government is told to set out incentive policies to attract businesses specializing in the recycling industry into the town and impose strict penalties on violated firms.
The town, recognized as a world heritage site, is facing difficulties in environment management in areas of control of solid waste emission and sewage discharge, and promoting energy efficiency as its population density is six times higher than the national level. That is not to mention the rising number of tourists flocking there.
A survey showed households and residential areas discharge 85-90% of total amount of solid waste. The remainder is discharged by markets, hotels, commercial centers, state agencies, schools, handicraft villages and farms. Organic solid waste accounts for 70% of total amount.
Hoi An is expected to see its population rising to 103,000 people by 2030, discharging 29,750 tons of solid waste a year by then. If the estimated number of tourist arrivals of some 5.3 million is included, total amount of solid waste will amount to 47,500 tons per year.
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